ASV notes on Genesis 14:8-9 and questions

שלום חברי

The four kings, five kings and rebellion

Lot in Sodom and Abraham in Hebron

At the time when Lot lived in the valley area of Sodom and Gomorrah and Abraham lived in Hebron the mountain area, south of the now known Jerusalem. There were four kings of Mesopotamia, the today land of Iraq, of which Chedorlaomer of Elam was the most powerful, the other three were Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar (the huge plain on where they built the tower of Babel) and Arioch the king of Ellasar. 

Five and four kings

In the valley area where Lot lived and had his flocks, there were 5 kings ruling there, the king of Sodom, where Lot had a house, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim and the king of Bela in the south end of the salt sea (the dead sea). These five kings had been beaten in battle by those four kings from the east 13 years ago, and during that time they payed tribute to the four kings of Mesopotamia.


Now in the fourteenth year, the five kings rebelled and did not pay the tribute anymore. Then the four kings with their armies came all the way from the east, the same route as Abraham took when he came from Ur in the Chaldeans and went to Haran and then to Canaan. This was not just around the corner, but a long way for those four armies to travel, and they came to conquer, they were angry and did not just want their tribute, but wanted to destroy and take captive all the people in the area.


  1. Where was the land of Mesopotamia?
  2. Where is the chaldeans located?
  3. Where is Haran?